National Guard and Reserve Early Retirement Age

Members of the National Guard, Air National Guard and military Reserves who have met the 20 year service requirement are generally eligible for receiving retirement benefits at age 60. However, the 2008 National Defense Authorization Act authorized early retirement benefits for members of the Reserve Corps who met certain criteria. This only applies to starting retirement pay early. TRICARE benefits eligibility still begins at age 60.

Under the 2008 National Defense Authorization Act, members of the Reserve Component who served at least 90 days during a fiscal year on a deployment in support of overseas operations such as the Iraq or Afghanistan campaigns are authorized to retire three months early for each 90 day period they served in any given fiscal year. This only applies to members of the Guard or Reserves who participated in a qualifying active-duty mobilization after Jan. 28, 2008, which is the date the Act was signed into law. Service on or before this date does not count toward early retirement.

In January 2013, Congress expanded the criteria for early retirement by authorizing additional eligibility requirements. The new rules allow members of the Guard or Reserves to count activations for national emergencies including natural disasters such as earthquakes, hurricanes, tornadoes, floods, etc. Members of the Reserve Components may also be eligible to retire early if they were in a Warrior Transition unit and were injured while mobilized for responses as mentioned above.

Early Retirement from the Guard and Reserves

How to qualify for retirement from the Guard & Reserves. A member must serve a full 20 year service obligation before being eligible to retire from the National Guard or Reserves. Members can retire as soon as they have 20 good years of service, but they are considered gray area retirees until they reach age 60. In general, they will be eligible to access base activities such as the gym, MWR, commissary and base exchange privileges. They would only be eligible to begin receiving other retirement benefits at age 60, including pay and medical benefits.

How early retirement works. To be eligible for early retirement, a member of the Reserve Corps must still complete the 20 year service requirement. How early they can retire depends on the number of active duty days they served on a mobilization after Jan. 28, 2008.





Early retirement reduces eligibility age for receipt of Reserve retired pay by three months for each aggregate of 90 days of qualifying active duty performed within a fiscal year. For example, if you served 90-179 days in a fiscal year, you could only retire 3 months early. If you served 180 or more days in a fiscal year you could be eligible to retire 6 months early.

Important Note: the entire 90 days must also be served during the fiscal year. If you served 90 consecutive days, but part of your mobilization was before the fiscal year end and part was during the new fiscal year, then the 90 day mobilization wouldn’t help you retire early.

The good news is that your mobilization doesn’t need to be continuous. If you served 30 days at the beginning of the fiscal year, and 60 days at the end of the fiscal year, you would meet the requirements, so long as all 90 days were served within the fiscal year. Many Guard and Reserve members are often mobilized for short time frames, including 15 or 30 day rotations. You can add all of these together to meet the 90 day requirement, so long as they all fall within the same fiscal year. If you find yourself in a similar situation, then be sure to keep good track of your mobilization dates so you know whether or not your mobilizations will help you qualify for early retirement.

90 Early Retirement Periods are Cumulative. Servicemembers can qualify for more than one 90 day early retirement period. For example, someone who served 90+ days in FY 2009, 180+ days in FY 2010, and 90+ days in FY 2011, and 90+ days in FY 2012 would be eligible to retire at age 58 and 9 months (five three month periods, or 1 year 3 months early). The only rule for the cumulative early retirement benefit is that members cannot retire before age 50.

Qualifying and Non-Qualifying Service for Early Retirement

Qualifying Service: Most active duty time counts for early retirement, including deployments in support of overseas operations, mobilizations for natural emergencies which are authorized by the governor and paid for by federal funds, and other active duty service including training and attending military schools. However, not all service counts toward early retirement.

Non-Qualifying Service: You must have been a member of the Guard or Reserves when you were activated for the qualifying service. Members who originally joined the service as active duty then later transitioned to the Guard or Reserves are not able to count their previous active duty service toward early retirement. Other ineligible Guard or Reserve duty includes actions such as performing weekend drills, 2 weeks annual training, those in full-time AGR or TAR status, muster duty, those who were activated for courts-martial or disciplinary reasons, and those who were listed as not participating at a satisfactory level.

Meeting Eligibility Requirements is Only Part of the Battle

It’s up to the member to be aware of these changes, and file for early retirement. In these instances, you will need to have proof of your activation, including the reason and the duration of time you were activated. This is where your mobilization orders and DD Form 214 are essential. As you know, your DD Form 214 is issued when you are released from active duty service. This is a different form than your DD Form 256, which is the Honorable Discharge paperwork you receive when you separate from the Guard or Reserves.




Keep good records of your service. Your mobilization orders should state the reason for your mobilization or activation, as will your DD Form 214. In order to qualify for the early retirement under the new rules, you will need to have either Title 10 or Title 32 orders with the following annotation: 12301(a), 12301(d), 12301(h), 12302, 12304, 12305 or 12306.

Because much of this is up to you filing the required paperwork on time, you need to keep excellent records. If you notice discrepancies in your paperwork, contact your unit immediately to have your records corrected. If you have since left your unit and are no longer serving, you may need to contact the National Archives. We have an article on requesting military records.

Early Retirement is For Pay; Other Benefits Come at Age 60

While your deployments can start the clock earlier for your retirement pay and benefits such as access to the commissary or base exchange, early retirees will have to wait until age 60 to be eligible for TRICARE benefits.

Print Friendly
Date published: June 18, 2013. Last updated: November 20, 2014.

Article by

Ryan Guina is the founder and editor of this site. He is a writer, small business owner, and entrepreneur. He served over 6 years on active duty in the USAF and is currently serving in the IL Air National Guard. He also writes about money management, small business, and career topics at Cash Money Life. You can also see his profile on Google.

Comments

  1. Burt Cooper says:

    Question: As of what month & year does the recall/mobiliation expanded eligibility start? That is, is there a month/year that any recall prior to that date is not eligible for the new early retirement date calculation?

    • Hello Burt, The second paragraph states: “This only applies to members of the Guard or Reserves who participated in a qualifying active-duty mobilization after Jan. 28, 2008, which is the date the Act was signed into law. Service on or before this date does not count toward early retirement.” I hope this is the info you are looking for.

  2. Vanessa says:

    There is a typo in the first part…misspelled count…

  3. I thought that Bush signed into law a bill similar to what you are talking about. As I recall the bill stated that on a 1 for 1 basis every month of active duty time for a Guardsman or Reservist retroactive to 9/11 subtracted 1 month from 60 at which we could start to draw our retirement. What happened to this? I was looking forward to pulling my retirement pay at about age 56 1/2 based on nearly 3 1/2 years of orders leading up to my retirement in Jan 2008.

    • Pete, I’ve been looking into this, but I can’t find a good answer for you. The only information I have found is in regard to the benefit listed in this article. My recommendation is to visit the personnel office of the closest base and ask them to help you determine your retirement date based on your service records. They should be able to help you determine the exact date you will receive your retirement pay and other benefits. Best of luck, and thanks for your service.

  4. Ryan, the 2004 National Defense Authorization Act allows Guard and Reserve retirees, regardless of age, BX and Commissary privileges. Other “Gray Area” benefits include…

    Access to military installations
    Class VI access (beverages)
    Limited space available travel
    Post/Base recreation facilities
    Temporary Lodging (space available)
    Post/Base Theater

    • Thanks, Gomlek. I will reflect this in the article. To my knowledge, Guard and Reserve retirees must wait until age 60 to begin receiving TRICARE benefits, though they can continue paying for TRICARE Retired Reserve if they are willing to pay out of pocket.

  5. Ryan, I’ve read the article in its entirety but I’m still confused on one part, so I hope you can excuse my question. I’m 30 years old currently serving as Active Duty Army and have so since I first enlisted (about ten years now). If I chose to ETS from Active Duty but also simultaneously transfer into the Reserves or National Guard, my times spent on AD will not count towards the retirement? Meaning, I will still have to wait until age 60 like everyone else to receive my full benefits (pay and all)?

    • Rob, Your active duty time would count toward points for your retirement pay, but it would not affect your retirement date. So yes, under current law you would have to wait until age 60 to receive your retirement pay and most other benefits, such as TRICARE. The early retirement as discussed in this article only applies to activations for Guard members and Reservists. It does not apply to those who were already serving on active duty during that time.

      I wouldn’t let this discourage you, however. The Guard and Reserves are both a great way to make your time in the military count toward a retirement. There are many other benefits too, both while you serve in the Reserve Component, and after you retire from it. It’s a great way to continue serving and earning benefits, while also being able to live a more traditional civilian life. I encourage you to look into it.

  6. Hi Ryan,

    The part about only being able to reduce retirement age by 90 days per year is incorrect. For each cumulative 90 day period, you get 90 days reduction in retirement age. There is no restriction on the number of 90 day periods per year. If you serve one year on a qualifying order, you do indeed get 360 days of early retirement. If the rule was as you state, you would have to serve 40 years to get the maximum early retirement age of 50.

    “Eligibility reduced below age 60 by 3 months for EACH cumulative
    total of 90 eligible days of active duty service per fiscal year”

  7. I was just going to point out the same thing regarding the number of 90 day periods possible per year. This article is clearly inconsistent with the articles posted when the law was enacted. Unless something changed, and if it did, then that should be highlighted too. Clarification is needed here.

  8. None the times apply unless it is January 2008 and later.

  9. David Brown,Jr. says:

    Dear Ryan,retire from Army reserve 2004 with 22years,serve in Iraq 2003-2004,is there any early retirement time off for being in a war zone,toward retirement before age 60. Thankyou David

Speak Your Mind

*